TBI: Information and Causes
Achievement Center of Texas' TBI Center understands the importance of caring for loved ones that have suffered from a TBI. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex injury with a broad spectrum of symptoms and disabilities.
It is an injury to the brain that is caused by an external force such as a violent blow to the head. This results in loss of consciousness, memory loss, dizziness, and confusion, and in some cases leading to long-term health effects, including motor and sensory problems, cognitive and behavioral dysfunction, and dementia. Depending on the impact, it can cause immediate death.
TBI is one of the most common causes of neurological dysfunction in the U.S. Each year, about 50,000 people die from brain trauma, and an additional 70,000 to 90,000 have persistent neurological impairments. About 5.3 million Americans live with TBI disabilities. The most common causes of TBI are sports-related injuries, motor vehicle or bicycle collisions, gunshot wounds, falls, assaults, and abuse.
Symptoms of a Traumatic Brain Injury
Symptoms of TBI may include problems with concentration, depression, dizziness, headaches, impulsivity, irritability, and post-traumatic stress. In severe injuries, symptoms are focal motor, sensory or verbal deficits. Later effects of severe or repeated injuries can include dementia, Parkinsonism, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease).
How ACT Helps Those with TBI
Rehabilitation Center Treatment
The families of traumatic brain injury (TBI) victims often have many concerns when their loved one is transferred to a rehabilitative care center. Contrary to regular belief, the TBI patient will be cared for exclusively by a team of professionals who specialize in the care of trauma victims.
Their goals are to:
- Stabilize the medical and rehabilitation issues related to brain injury and the other injuries.
- Prevent secondary complications. Complications could include pressure sores, pneumonia and contractures.
- Restore lost functional abilities. Functional changes could include limited ability to move, use the bathroom, talk, eat and think.
- The staff will also provide adaptive devices or strategies to enhance functional independence.
- The staff will begin to analyze with the family and the patient what changes might be required when the person goes home.
Each day, the patient will participate in therapy. Initially, the patient may require staff assistance for even the simplest activities, such as the brushing of teeth and getting out of bed to eat. The patient will also need staff for safety because they can become confused or forgetful.
The Rehabilitation Team
The Physiatrist is the team leader in the rehabilitation program. They are physicians that specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation. Physiatrists treat a wide range of problems, including the changes after brain injury. They assess and prescribe the treatment and direct the team.
The Neuropsychologist is a key member of the rehabilitation team. He/she will assess the patient’s changes in thinking and behavior. Changes could include:
- Poor memory, attention and concentration, and decision-making
- Language and communication abilities
- Inability to speak
- Inability to understand when spoken to
Many patients are unaware of the changes in the brain and how those changes affect their daily lives. A patient may not understand what has happened and may be distraught by being away from home. Through education and counseling, the neuropsychologist can help assure the patient and the patient’s family.
The Rehabilitation Nurse assists patients with brain injury and chronic illness in attaining maximum optimal health, and adapting to an altered lifestyle. He/she provides care for the patient on the nursing unit. The focus of nursing care is on:
- Health maintenance
- Potential for aspiration
- Impaired skin integrity
- Bowel and bladder incontinence
- Impaired physical mobility
- Impaired or limited ability to take care of self
- Ineffective airway
- Sleep pattern disturbance
- Chronic pain
- Impaired cognition
- Impaired verbal communication and comprehension
- Sexual dysfunction
*** More information about the Rehabilitation Team is found here.
Enroll Now in Classes at Our TBI Center
Achievement Center of Texas has many students with a Traumatic Brain Injury, and we have plenty of space to accommodate all of your individual needs and goals. Click the button below to begin the enrollment process.
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